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Textile Process: Knitting

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Demonstration of knitting and basic stitches

Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric.

Knitting creates multiple loops of yarn, called stitches, in a line or tube. Knitting has multiple active stitches on the needle at one time. Knitted fabric consists of a number of consecutive rows of interlocking loops. As each row progresses, a newly created loop is pulled through one or more loops from the prior row, placed on the gaining needle, and the loops from the prior row are then pulled off the other needle.

Knitting may be done by hand or by using a machine.

Different types of yarns (fibre type, texture, and twist), needle sizes, and stitch types may be used to achieve knitted fabrics with diverse properties (colour, texture, weight, heat retention, water resistance, and/or integrity).


Like glass-fibers, basalt-fibers, Kevlar, Carbon etc can be knitted, as well. Knitted fabrics are typically more flexible to the touch. This means they can be draped easier. That can  be an advantage in composite applications, when the knitted good needs to be draped around corners or curves. Knitted materials can be very tight and thick, as well. This could be interesting for conveyor belt applications, especially those which are dealing with elevated temperatures. The longevity of basalt knitted belts can be higher than glass-knitted belts.

Application Ideas:

  • Gaskets
  • Conveyor belts
  • Composites
  • Filtration
  • Pipe wrapping
  • Boats building
  • Leisure in general
  • Tanks